This is also done by the specialist or the attending assistant to accurately measure the levels and amount calcium—which is the primary component of common kidney stones—electrolytes, and uric acid as well as the other components in the samples. Aside from the acidity of the person's urine, other components in the blood is also paid attention to ensure that there will be not further complications.
Other significant laboratory tests include blood tests for "creatinine" which evaluates the proper function of the kidney, the "BUN" and "electrolytes" which is used to detect levels of dehydration, "calcium" which is done to detect hyperparathyroidism, and a complete "blood count" which is primarily done to detect any infection in the person's system. During the laboratory evaluation, the kidney stone sample is also collected to analyze and determine what type of is it stone. Knowing the type of kidney stone is important so the physician can plot the appropriate treatment for it as soon as possible.
4. Follow up the diagnosis with X-ray. Kidney stones can also be diagnosed through a possible follow-up with an X-ray evaluation. Here, the specialist or the assistant will use x-rays to identify the location of the kidney stone. Through x-ray, the size of stones and its number can be seen.
It may also help the doctor to identify which type of kidney stones is present in the person's kidney.